Monday, 27 July 2020

Internet Archive Wayback site - Aboriginal Family History Research website

The precursor to the Centre for Indigenous Family History Studies website, namely the Aboriginal Family History Research website, has been saved 59 times between February 4, 2004 and July 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive Wayback Machine. Similarly the Centre for Indigenous Family History Studies website has been saved 66 times from May 23, 2012 to January 1, 2020 in the Internet Archive Wayback Machine

The URL for accessing the saved sites for Aboriginal Family History Research website is here  and for the Centre for Indigenous Family History Studies is  here .
(Does not appear to be compatible with IE11)

The original site was created using the My Connected Community (mc2) Webpage generator. My Connected Community (mc2) was funded by the Victorian Government and coordinated by VICNET.

It is interesting to follow the both sites through their life and noting additions and pages that were later removed for various reasons.

Sunday, 19 July 2020

AIATSIS MS 4165 - Aboriginal Families of the Moree Region

AIATSIS MS 4165 - Aboriginal Families of the Moree Region

Date range: 1788-1997

Noeline Briggs-Smith deposited the collection in the Library, in October 2001, on behalf of the Northern Regional Library and Information Service at Moree, New South Wales.

The collection consists largely of certified copies of birth, death and marriage certificates of Aboriginal people in the Moree andsurrounding areas. In addition, there are birth, death and funeral notices, for example from The Australian Evangel, and printouts from sources such as the 'Index to the Brian Williams Family History Genealogies’ held at the University of New England Regional State Archives. Included also are notes made from church records, such as baptismal records from the Salvation Army Church Records at Moree, family record sheets, such as those from the Griffith Genealogical & Historical Society and other papers.

There is also a photocopy of 'A Grose family history' and various documents such as birth and death certificates for the Grose family; some family trees and a printout of the descendants of Ada Parker.

The collection consists entirely of photocopies.

Descriptions

Items

1  Families include Adams, Aldridge, Allen, Alli,Anderson, Andrews, Andy, Annie, Archibald, Armstrong, Arnold, Ash,Ashley, Ashmore, Atkinson, Bailey, Baker, Baldwin, Ballengarry, Bamblett,Banfield and Bangaree

2  Families include Barber, Barlow, Barndo, Barney, Barr, Bartman, Bartholemew, Barwick, Bateman, Bates, Bath, Beale, Beatle, Beaumont, Beears, Bellear, Bengalla, Bessie, Beveridge, Biggs, Billie, Bing, Bino, Birrie, and Black

3  Families include Blacklock, Blair, Blay, Bligh, Bollan, Bloomfield, Bond and Bone 

4  Families include Boney, Bonn, Borghmanna, Borland, Bourah, Bowden, Bowler, Boxer and Boyce

5  Families include Bradshaw, Brady, Brair, Brandy, and Brennan. Some of the photocopies for Brennan are very faint and therefore difficult to read

6  Families include Briggs, Bright, Brooks, Broomham,Broughton, Brown, Browning and Brummy

7  Families include Buars, Bubby, Buchana, Buckabone, Buckenbone, Bugg, Bull, Bullaman, Bullamin, Bullingar, Bundai, Bungaree, Bungle, Burke, Button and Byrnes

8  Families include Cain, Callaghar, Campbell, Carrie, Capp, Carbone, Carlyle, Carmody, Cart, Carroll, Carter, Cassidy, Catalana, Chambers, Charles, Charlie and Chatfield

9  Families include Clark, Clarke, Clarkson, Clifford, Clift, Cobar, Cobla, Cobra, Coe, Coffey, Cohen, Cohon, Coleman, Colger, Colless, Collins, Combadello, Combo, Comborugo

9a Families include Connor, Connors

10 Families include Conroy, Cook, Coombs/Coombes, Copeland, Corbett, Crotty, Crump, Draper, Duncan (Duncombe), Edwards, Egan, Graham

11 Grose Family

12 ‘A Grose family history, Part 1, From Britain to Botany Bay, the story of William Smith Grose & Elizabeth Reay’ and ‘A Grose family history, Part 2, Beyond the Blue Mountains, the story of William & Julia Grose’, both by Beverley Johnson. Photocopies

13 Families include Hart, Hulin, Jenkins, Kinchella, Mitchell, Murray, Narang, Nattey, Navey Bux, Payne, Poffit, Riggs, Suey, Swan, Tighe

14 Randall/Martin family tree from 1788 (two copies) and Walters/Saunders family tree

15 Printout from NSWGenWeb Lineage of records relating to union of Kitty Colaby and Budsworth (two copies)

16 Miscellaneous documents

Tuesday, 14 July 2020

Radiocarbon Dating program in the Riverland Region of South Australia

An interesting article appears in the journal Australian Archaeology as follows -

Initial results and observations on a radiocarbon dating program in the Riverland region of S.A.
Craig Westell , Amy Roberts , Mick Morrison , Geraldine Jacobsen & the River Murray and Mallee Aboriginal Corporation
Australian Archaeology 2020

The abstract follows

"This paper presents a preliminary occupation chronology for the Riverland region of South Australia, based on 31 radiocarbon age determinations. This region has represented a significant geographic gap in understanding occupation chronologies for the broader Murray-Darling Basin. The dating forms part of an ongoing research program exploring the longterm engagements of Aboriginal people with the habitat mosaics of the central River Murray corridor. Dating targets were selected on the basis of their landscape context. Results relate occupation evidence to an evolving riverine landscape through the period extending from approximately 29 ka to the late Holocene. These results include the first pre-Last Glacial Maximum ages returned on the River Murray in South Australia and extend the known Aboriginal occupation of the Riverland by approximately 22,000 years."

Saturday, 4 July 2020

Journal Article - Aboriginal artefacts on the continental shelf

An interesting article appears as follows -

Aboriginal artefacts on the continental shelf reveal ancient drowned cultural landscapes in northwest Australia
Jonathan Benjamin et al
PLoS ONE 15(7) 2020

Abstract
"This article reports Australia’s first confirmed ancient underwater archaeological sites from the continental shelf, located off the Murujuga coastline in north-western Australia. Details on two underwater sites are reported: Cape Bruguieres, comprising > 260 recorded lithic artefacts at depths down to −2.4 m below sea level, and Flying Foam Passage where the find spot is associated with a submerged freshwater spring at −14 m. The sites were discovered through a purposeful research strategy designed to identify underwater targets, using an iterative process incorporating a variety of aerial and underwater remote sensing techniques and diver investigation within a predictive framework to map the submerged landscape within a depth range of 0–20 m. The condition and context of the lithic artefacts are analysed in order to unravel their depositional and taphonomic history and to corroborate their in situ position on a pre-inundation land surface, taking account of known geomorphological and climatic processes including cyclone activity that could have caused displacement and transportation from adjacent coasts. Geomorphological data and radiometric dates establish the chronological limits of the sites and demonstrate that they cannot be later than 7000 cal BP and 8500 cal BP respectively, based on the dates when they were finally submerged by sea-level rise. Comparison of underwater and onshore lithic assemblages shows differences that are consistent with this chronological interpretation. This article sets a foundation for the research strategies and technologies needed to identify archaeological targets at greater depth on the Australian continental shelf and elsewhere, building on the results presented. Emphasis is also placed on the need for legislation to better protect and manage underwater cultural heritage on the 2 million square kilometres of drowned landscapes that were once available for occupation in Australia, and where a major part of its human history must lie waiting to be discovered."

The full Article is available here.

Friday, 12 June 2020

Journal Article - Fire mosaics and habitat choice in nomadic foragers

Fire mosaics and habitat choice in nomadic foragers
Rebecca Bliege Birda, Chloe McGuire, Douglas W. Bird, Michael H. Price, David Zeanah,

and Dale G. Nimmo
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2020
 

The abstract follows
"In the mid-1950s Western Desert of Australia, Aboriginal populations were in decline as families left for ration depots, cattle stations, and mission settlements. In the context of reduced population density, an ideal free-distribution model predicts landscape use should contract to the most productive habitats, and people should avoid areas that show more signs of extensive prior use. However, ecological or social facilitation due to Allee effects (positive  density dependence) would predict that the intensity of past habitat use should correlate positively with habitat use. We analyzed fire footprints and fire mosaics from the accumulation of several years of landscape use visible on a 35,300-km2 mosaic of aerial photographs covering much of contemporary Indigenous Martu Native Title Lands imaged between May and August 1953. Structural equation modeling revealed that, consistent with an Allee ideal free distribution, there was a positive relationship between the extent of fire mosaics and the intensity of recent use, and this was consistent across habitats regardless of their quality. Fire mosaics build up in regions with low cost of access to water, high intrinsic food availability, and good access to trade opportunities; these mosaics (constrained by water access during the winter) then draw people back in subsequent years or seasons, largely independent of intrinsic habitat quality. Our results suggest that the positive feedback effects of landscape burning can substantially change the way people value landscapes, affecting mobility and settlement by increasing sedentism and local population density."

The article also contains the following lines

"During the 1950s, for example, two marauding brothers, Tirinji and Yawa, roamed the Great Sandy Desert on a violent rampage, murdering younger men and kidnapping women. Rumors of the brother’s serial killings circulated the surrounding settlements and the fear engendered by their violence lasted years; in 1964, when Western Australia Native Welfare officer Terry Long encountered a group of 20 Aboriginal women and children at the Percival Lakes, he reported that the women were “desperate to quit the area [. . .] they had no men for years and were frightened that if they did run into a group containing men that some of them would be killed, if they were considered unsuitable as wives.”
(References to this section
(a) N. J. Bent, P. Lowe, Eds., Two Sisters: Ngarta & Jukuna, (Fremantle Arts Centre Press, 2004).
(b) F. Skyring, “Ngurrara history report” [in the Federal Court of Australia, WA District Registry, Between Annette Kogolo, Butcher Wise, and Others, applicants, and the
State of Western Australia and Others, respondents—WAG6077 of 1998] (Broome, KLC, 1998).
(c) here.)

Thursday, 28 May 2020

Extract about marriages from Kinship in Western Central Australia

Kinship in Western Central Australia
Oceania Volume 4 Issue 4 June 1934
Henry Kenneth Fry
                                                                    1
The information presented in this paper was obtained during a visit of the Adelaide University Anthropological Expedition to Mount Liebig, the western limit of the McDonnell Ranges, in
August, 1932. News of our coming had been sent out beforehand, and about one hundred bush natives from the surrounding districts came in and settled temporarily near the camp of the Expedition. The majority of these people were members of the Ngalia tribe from the sandhill country to the north-west, and of the Pintubi tribe from the west and south-west. Some Jumu (Luritja) natives of the locality and a few Aranda natives from Hermannsburg also were represented.

Lists the following relationships :-

The following records of the actual circumstances of marriages were made.

I. Mintun-Mintun, Pintubi, Tararo Tjungarai.
  
    First wife, Maramintjini, Iparka. The mama, father, of
    Maramintjini, the nunari of Mintun-Mintun, told him to
    marry her, so he went and called her to his camp. She was
    a little girl about knee high. Mintun-Mintun's father
    called Maramintjini's father watjera.
  
    Second wife, Koreilja, Panaka Napurula. (A kameru
    marriage.) This girl was the daughter of Nalbilala,
    Purukulla, who told him to take her to his camp. She was
    a little girl like a small girl of four or five years of age who
    was pointed out. Mintun-Mintun called Nalbilala kameru,
    and his father called Nalbilala kandia, wife's brother.
    Nalbilala called Mintun-Mintun's father numpana, sister's
    husband.

    Third wife, Mulunga, Iparka. The sister of Maramintjini,
    by the same father. Ngunari, the girl's father, told him
    to take her. She was a little girl like the others.

    Fourth wife, Milbanga, Iparka. She was the daughter of the
    same father as his first and third wives. Milbanga called
    Mulunga kankoro. Mulunga called Milbanga malango.

    Fifth wife, Iparka. This woman was the widow of his deceased
    "elder brother," actually his father's elder brother's
    son. He stated that he looked after her and her children,
    but that she was not really a wife.

NB. South Australian Museum Series AA 338/05  Dr Norman Barnett Tindale
       Photographs relating to journals
       57 'Mintun mintun strengthening mulga wood stick for a spear Mt Liebig,

       N B Tindale  photo Aug. 1932'. One b/w photographic print, annotated by Tindale.

II  Nalbilala, Pintubi, Purukula Takamara.
    He had only one wife, Napaltari Purunga. When a young
    fellow, he was frightened of women and kept away from
    them. His nunari, Wallowaritji, Tararo Tungarai, told
    him to marry this woman, who was his daughter. Everyone
    told him to marry. His wife came and made a fire and a
    camp ready for him, along with his people. She was a
    young woman, he called her korei. Nalbilala's father
    called Wallowaritji watjera. Nalbilala called Wallowaritji
    nunari, and Wallowaritji called him kameru.

III Koijanu, Pintubi, Purukula Takamara.
    Only one wife, Purunga Napaltari. She was promised to him
    by his nunari, her father, when she was a baby. When
    she was about hip-high (? six years) he took her. When
    she was about breast-high (demonstrated), he began
    marital relations with her. This was before her breasts
    had come up. He used to sing to her to make her grow
    quickly. His nunari was Kateirelba, Tungarai. It was
    the custom to give kangaroo and euro to the nunari from
    the time that his daughter was promised. He still did this.
    When he was about breast-high (demonstrated), he used
    to play with the girls in the bush, only proper ones watjerawatjera.
    He would meet them by arrangement. He
    would give the girl euro or kangaroo meat.
   

Webster v Minister for Immigration, Citizenship, Migrant Services and Multicultural Affairs

Webster v Minister for Immigration, Citizenship, Migrant Services and Multicultural Affairs [2020] FCA 702

An interesting Federal Court judgement can be found here .
 

"CONSTITUTIONAL LAW – Constitution s 51(xix) – where foreign born applicant claimed to be a non-citizen non-alien by reason of being an Aboriginal Australian within the meaning of tripartite test in Mabo v Queensland (No 2) 175 CLR 1 at 70 – where Minister had cancelled applicant’s visa and decided not to revoke cancellation under s 501(CA)(4) of the Migration Act 1958 (Cth) – sufficiency of evidence necessary to establish each limb of tripartite test – whether test’s requirement of “mutual recognition” satisfied by Australian Aboriginal recognition by elders or persons enjoying traditional authority “culturally adopting” applicant into indigenous society different from that of his biological descent." 

Well worth reading in full.