Thursday, 28 May 2020

Extract about marriages from Kinship in Western Central Australia

Kinship in Western Central Australia
Oceania Volume 4 Issue 4 June 1934
Henry Kenneth Fry
                                                                    1
The information presented in this paper was obtained during a visit of the Adelaide University Anthropological Expedition to Mount Liebig, the western limit of the McDonnell Ranges, in
August, 1932. News of our coming had been sent out beforehand, and about one hundred bush natives from the surrounding districts came in and settled temporarily near the camp of the Expedition. The majority of these people were members of the Ngalia tribe from the sandhill country to the north-west, and of the Pintubi tribe from the west and south-west. Some Jumu (Luritja) natives of the locality and a few Aranda natives from Hermannsburg also were represented.

Lists the following relationships :-

The following records of the actual circumstances of marriages were made.

I. Mintun-Mintun, Pintubi, Tararo Tjungarai.
  
    First wife, Maramintjini, Iparka. The mama, father, of
    Maramintjini, the nunari of Mintun-Mintun, told him to
    marry her, so he went and called her to his camp. She was
    a little girl about knee high. Mintun-Mintun's father
    called Maramintjini's father watjera.
  
    Second wife, Koreilja, Panaka Napurula. (A kameru
    marriage.) This girl was the daughter of Nalbilala,
    Purukulla, who told him to take her to his camp. She was
    a little girl like a small girl of four or five years of age who
    was pointed out. Mintun-Mintun called Nalbilala kameru,
    and his father called Nalbilala kandia, wife's brother.
    Nalbilala called Mintun-Mintun's father numpana, sister's
    husband.

    Third wife, Mulunga, Iparka. The sister of Maramintjini,
    by the same father. Ngunari, the girl's father, told him
    to take her. She was a little girl like the others.

    Fourth wife, Milbanga, Iparka. She was the daughter of the
    same father as his first and third wives. Milbanga called
    Mulunga kankoro. Mulunga called Milbanga malango.

    Fifth wife, Iparka. This woman was the widow of his deceased
    "elder brother," actually his father's elder brother's
    son. He stated that he looked after her and her children,
    but that she was not really a wife.

II  Nalbilala, Pintubi, Purukula Takamara.
    He had only one wife, Napaltari Purunga. When a young
    fellow, he was frightened of women and kept away from
    them. His nunari, Wallowaritji, Tararo Tungarai, told
    him to marry this woman, who was his daughter. Everyone
    told him to marry. His wife came and made a fire and a
    camp ready for him, along with his people. She was a
    young woman, he called her korei. Nalbilala's father
    called Wallowaritji watjera. Nalbilala called Wallowaritji
    nunari, and Wallowaritji called him kameru.

III Koijanu, Pintubi, Purukula Takamara.
    Only one wife, Purunga Napaltari. She was promised to him
    by his nunari, her father, when she was a baby. When
    she was about hip-high (? six years) he took her. When
    she was about breast-high (demonstrated), he began
    marital relations with her. This was before her breasts
    had come up. He used to sing to her to make her grow
    quickly. His nunari was Kateirelba, Tungarai. It was
    the custom to give kangaroo and euro to the nunari from
    the time that his daughter was promised. He still did this.
    When he was about breast-high (demonstrated), he used
    to play with the girls in the bush, only proper ones watjerawatjera.
    He would meet them by arrangement. He
    would give the girl euro or kangaroo meat.
   

Webster v Minister for Immigration, Citizenship, Migrant Services and Multicultural Affairs

Webster v Minister for Immigration, Citizenship, Migrant Services and Multicultural Affairs [2020] FCA 702

An interesting Federal Court judgement can be found here .
 

"CONSTITUTIONAL LAW – Constitution s 51(xix) – where foreign born applicant claimed to be a non-citizen non-alien by reason of being an Aboriginal Australian within the meaning of tripartite test in Mabo v Queensland (No 2) 175 CLR 1 at 70 – where Minister had cancelled applicant’s visa and decided not to revoke cancellation under s 501(CA)(4) of the Migration Act 1958 (Cth) – sufficiency of evidence necessary to establish each limb of tripartite test – whether test’s requirement of “mutual recognition” satisfied by Australian Aboriginal recognition by elders or persons enjoying traditional authority “culturally adopting” applicant into indigenous society different from that of his biological descent." 

Well worth reading in full.

Thursday, 23 April 2020

Desert People - M J Meggitt

I was looking at the book Desert People by M J Meggitt published in 1962 and was amazed by the detailed personal information recorded and published about events that happened or were said to have happened during the field work on which the publication was based. The people involved in these events are easily recognised in census results in the Northern Territory, especially for Hooker Creek. Some would still be alive today. I wonder if they realised how the information they provided would be used. An extract is here .

Saturday, 21 March 2020

Betwixt and Between

Interesting paper in the Journal of Genocide Research, 1–17 (2020)  by H. Burke,  B. Barker, L. Wallis, S. Craig & M. Combo titled Betwixt and Between: Trauma, Survival and the Aboriginal Troopers of the Queensland Native Mounted Police.

The Abstract follows

Much has been written about the history of the Queensland Native
Mounted Police, mostly focussing on its development, its white
officers, how much the Colonial Government genuinely knew
about the actions of the Force, and how many people were killed
during the frontier wars. Far less attention has been given to the
Aboriginal men of the force, the nature of their recruitment, and
the long-term traumatic impacts on Aboriginal peoples’ and
communities’ psyches rather than broadscale changes to
Aboriginal culture per se. This article examines the historical and
ongoing psychological impacts of dispossession and frontier
violence on Aboriginal people. Specifically, we argue that
massacres, frontier violence, displacement, and the ultimate
dispossession of land and destruction of traditional cultural
practices resulted in both individual and collective intergenerational
trauma for Aboriginal peoples. We posit that, despite
the Australian frontier wars taking place over a century ago, their
impacts continue to reverberate today in a range of different
ways, many of which are as yet only partially understood.
 
Unfortunately the article is paywalled.

Monday, 9 March 2020

Gugu Badhun People #3 Native Title Claim

National Native Title Tribunal File QC2019/003 - Gugu Badhun People #3 available here entered on the Register 06/03/2020.

The attachments are as follows :-
Register extract available here
Attachment B - Map showing External Boundary Description here
Attachment C - Map of the Application Area here

The Gugu Badhun native title claim group is comprised of the descendants (including through adoption or raising up in accordance with traditional law and customs) of the following apical ancestors:

(a) Bella, mother of Harry Goetz, Cissie McDowall, and Albert Brown
(b) Lucy Shaw, mother of Richard Hoolihan, Mosley Dickman, and Jimmy Dickman
(c) King Lava, father of Mariah Saddler
(d) Nellie Rankin
(e) Charlie Burdekin, father of Frank Burdekin, William Burdekin, Ernest Burdekin, Gertrude Burdekin, and Peter McDowell
(f) Nancy Jordan, also known as Nancy Rose Lee and Nancy Ah Sam, wife of Harry Goetz
(g) Nora Lee, also known as Laura and Laula, wife of Charlie Burdekin
(h) Ceasar Murray
(i) Minnie Tiger, also known as Big Minnie
(j) Skinny Minnie

See also

Gugu Badhun - People of the Valley of Lagoons
Yvonne Cadet-James, Robert Andrew James, Sue McGinty & Russell McGregor
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies 2017
(Available to download here .)

Saturday, 7 March 2020

Clermont-Belyando Area Native Title Claim Authorisation Meeting

Clermont-Belyando Area Native Title Claim Meeting

The native title claim group comprises the descendants of one or more of the following people:

1. Billy and Lucy (parents of Jimmy Tarpot, Mary Ann Alboro and Mary Ellen)
2. Dan Dunrobin (also known as Dunrobin, Christopher Dunrobin and Dan Robin)
3. Frank Fisher (Snr) of Clermont
4. Jimmy Flourbag
5. Charlie McAvoy of Logan Downs
6. Liz McEvoy of Alpha
7. The Mother of Jack (Girrabah) Malone and Jim (Conee) Malone
8. Mary of Clermont (also known as Mary Johnson)

The purpose of the meeting is for the claim group:

(1) To authorise the applicant to deal with the application in the manner set out in the third further amended statement of claim filed on 12 February 2020 which includes the amendments dealing with the description of the claim group referred to below.

(2) To authorise the applicant to seek any necessary amendment to the claimant application dealing with the description of the claim group to the same effect as the claim group description in the statement of claim.

[7]The relevant parts of the statement of claim dealing with the claim group description read as follows:

The claim group comprises the descendants of one or more of the apical ancestors and who are recognised as holding native title in relation to the claim area under the traditional laws and customs referred to at [9A].

[8]The claim group members are descended from the apical ancestors being:

(a) Charlie McAvoy of Logan Downs
(b) Liz McEvoy of Alpha
(c) Jimmy Flourbag
(d) Billy and Lucy (parents of Jimmy Tarpot, Mary Ann Alboro and Marry Ellen)
(e) Dan Dunrobin (also known as Dunrobin, Christopher Dunrobin and Dan Robin)
(f) Mary of Clermont (also known as Mary Johnson)
(g) Frank Fisher Sr. of Clermont
(h) The mother of Jack (Girrabah) Malone and Jim (Conee) Malone.

[9A] Under the traditional laws and customs acknowledged by the claim group:

(a) surnamed family groups are a primary idiom for mutual recognition between claimants, as stated in JER proposition 5;
(b) the holding of rights is based on a broad form of descent reckoning and includes a degree of optation based on people’s histories of consociation with particular relatives, as stated in JER proposition 9;
(c) the effect of (a) and (b) is that membership of the native title holding group is based on descent and on a person identifying with the country of the claim area and being accepted by others as being of and from the country of the claim area.

(“JER proposition” refers to the joint anthropological experts’ report filed on 27 September 2018)

Appeared in the Courier Mail dated March 7, 2020

Some notes

Dan Dunrobin is mentioned in the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Report of the Inquiry into the Death of Gregory Michael Dunrobin available here

Dan Dunrobin died 23.10.1938 at Cherbourg aged c50 years

Dan Dunrobin born c1920 at Clermont parents Dunrobin and Lizzy Dunrobin 
Bob Dunrobin born c1924 at Clermont parents Dunrobin and Lizzy Dunrobin

Lizzie Dunrobin, Dan Dunrobin, child, Bob Dunrobin, child removed to Barambah in 1924

Jimmy Flourbag died on 22.10.1938 at Cherbourg                 

Lenny Malone, born 1907, married 6. 3.1928 Cherbourg, father is Jack Malone and mother is Eliza Quentin (born c1888, parents Albert Quentin (European) and Jenny (Full Blood))
Jessie McEvoy. born 1906 Clermont, died 4. 3.1940 Cherbourg, married 6. 3.1928 Cherbourg, father is unknown and mother is Polly McEvoy

Jack Malone , Native Name Girribah , male aged 31 yrs, Native of Jericho Class Woongoo       
Jim Malone , Native Name Conee , male aged 47 yrs, Native of Jericho, Class Woongoo  
At Durundur in 1903

Wednesday, 29 January 2020

Danggan Balun (Five Rivers) People Native Authorisation Meetings


The claim area is roughly bounded by Beenleigh, Jimboomba, Boonah, Rathdowney, Springbrook, Burleigh and the Queensland Coast.


The native title claim group for the Application is currently described as those persons who are descendants of the following Apical Ancestors and who identify and are recognised under the traditional laws and customs of the native title claim group as Danggan Balun (Five Rivers):


1  Sarah Warri/Warru Clarke;
2  George Daramlee Drumley;
3  Jack Slab/Slabb Snr (husband of Lizzie Waggil Slabb & father of Charlotte, Frank, John/Jack Jnr, Olive & Victor);
4  Kitty Blow (wife of Joseph Blow & mother of Frank Blow & Hughie Blow);
5  Jackey Jackey aka Bilin Bilin aka Bilin aka John “Johnny” Logan (father of Emily Logan & Johnny Logan);
6  Kipper Tommy Andrews (father of Lizzie Malay (nee Tommie);
7  Julia Sandy (wife of Arthur Ford);
8  Billy Terribah/Didiba Andrews (father of Elizabeth “Lizzie” Boyd (nee Andrews);
9  Mary Ann Mitchell (mother of Mary Ann Drumley (nee Sandy), Ida Bell (nee Sandy), Norman Sandy Snr & Lindsay “Billy” Sandy);
10 Unnamed mother of Matilda “Mittie” Fogarty (nee Sandy) and Lizzie (mother of William “Billy” Brown);
11 Alice Edwards (nee Coolwell) (mother of Jack Jnr, Florence, Minnie, Eva, Eileen, Maud, Catherine, Evelyn & Julia);
12 Coolum (husband of Nancy Culham (nee Coolwell) & father of Joseph “Joe”, Maude, Lucy & Lena);
13. Unnamed mother of Nancy Culham (nee Coolwell) (wife of Coolum & mother of Joseph “Joe”, Maude, Lucy & Lena);
14 Yarry (father of Frederick “Fred” Yarrie/Yarry);
15 Joseph Coolwell (husband of Polly Allen/Dalton & father of Alfred, Eva, Edward, Rose, Campbell, Michael & Andrew);
16 Polly Allen/Dalton (wife of Joseph Coolwell & mother of Eva, Edward, Rose, Campbell, Michael & Andrew);
17 Elizabeth Wheeler/Tomes;
18 Jim Edwards Snr (husband of Topsy (of Ipswich) & father of Jimmy Edwards Jnr);
19. William Williams (Snr.)


The purpose of Authorisation Meeting #1 is to consider, following provision of anthropological and legal advice, authorising to amend the native title claim group description as follows: Those persons who are descendants of the following apical ancestors and who identify and are recognised under the traditional laws and customs of the native title claim group as being affiliated (including by adoption) to country within the Application area:


1  Sarah Warri/Warru Clarke;
2  George Daramlee Drumley;
3  Jack Slab/Slabb Snr (husband of Lizzie Waggil Slabb & father of Charlotte, Frank, John/Jack Jnr, Olive & Victor);
4  Kitty Blow (wife of Joseph Blow & mother of Frank Blow & Hughie Blow);
5  Bilin Bilin aka Bilinba Jackey aka Jackey Jackey aka John “Johnny” Logan (father of Emily Logan & Johnny Logan);
6  Kipper Tommy Andrews (father of Lizzie Malay (nee Tommie));
7  Billy Terribah/Didiba Andrews;
8  Julia Sandy (wife of Arthur Ford);
9  Kitty Sandy, the mother of Arthur Ford;
10 Mary Ann Sandy nee Mitchell (mother of Mary Ann Drumley (nee Sandy), Ida Bell (nee Sandy), Norman Sandy Snr & Lindsay Sandy);
11 William “Billy” Mitchell and his wife, Lizzie Sandy;
12 Unnamed mother of Matilda “Mittie” Fogarty (nee Sandy) and Lizzie (mother of William “Billy” Stanley Brown Jnr);
13 Coolum (husband of Nancy Culham (nee Coolwell) & father of Joseph “Joe”, Maude, Lucy & Lena);
14 Unnamed mother of Nancy Culham (nee Coolwell) (wife of Coolum & mother of Joseph “Joe”, Maude, Lucy & Lena);
15 Yarry (father of Frederick “Fred” Yarrie/Yarry);
16 Jennie, mother of Joseph Coolwell (husband of Polly Allen/Dalton & father of Alice Edwards (nee Coolwell), Alfred Coolwell Jnr, Eva, Edward, Rose, Campbell, Michael & Andrew);
17 Polly Allen/Dalton (wife of Joseph Coolwell & mother of Eva, Edward, Rose, Campbell, Michael & Andrew);
18 Unnamed mother of Elizabeth Tomes/ Clarke nee Wheeler;
19 Jim Edwards Snr (husband of Topsy (of Ipswich) & father of Jimmy Edwards Jnr);
20 William Williams (Snr);
21 Bullum Bullum aka John Allen;
22 Alice/Alison Parsons nee Moree, mother of Thomas Parsons;
23. John Sandy aka Bungaree/Bungary (husband of Mary Ann Sandy nee Mitchell, and father of Norman Sandy Snr, Lindsay Sandy and Stella Bungera/Bungary).


Hereafter referred to as the newly described native title claim group.


The purpose of Authorisation Meeting #2 is to consider, following the provision of information and legal advice, authorising the following:
(a) Authorise terms and conditions of appointment of the Applicant;
(b) Authorise an Applicant in accordance with section 66B of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) (NTA);
(c) Authorise the Applicant to make an application under section 66B of the NTA to replace the current Applicant;
(d) Authorise changing the name of the Application from ‘Danggan Balun (Five Rivers) People’ to ‘Danggan Balun People’;
(e) Authorise QSNTS to provide assistance and legal representation to the newly described native title claim group in relation to the Application, including in relation to future acts and cultural heritage.


Appeared in the Koori Mail of January 29, 2020