Friday, 14 June 2019

The Durack Dynasty and All-About

Reading the article in the Weekend Australian June 15-16, 2019 on the Durack dynasty reminded me of the dedication in the book  All-about (The Black Community at Argyle) by Mary and Elizabeth Durack published in 1935. It appears below -

"You will never read this, for to learning you have no pretensions. You cannot sue us for libel, though we have exposed your characters, your secrets and your private lives. Forgive us! Our protection lies in your unworldliness.

Most of the sketches you have seen, have laughed heartily at each, if a little disappointed that you did not appear more beautiful. "Young Missus" might at least have drawn you at your best, not gone so slyly to the kitchen, the laundry and all uninvited to the camp, with her notebook and her uncharitable pencil.

But this to you, "All-about", there is much you can teach us that is not in the white man's knowledge. Yours is the gift of laughter and human kindliness and true philosophy. Were you ever savages?"

Thursday, 6 June 2019

Barada Kabalbara Yetimarala Native Title People Authorisation Meeting

The claim area is roughly bounded by Ogmore, Marlborough, Princhester and to the west in a triangular shape.

The Authorisation Meeting is open to all Barada Kabalbara Yetimarala People, that is, to all of the persons in the current native title claim group, being the biological descendants of the following apical ancestors:
1. Lizzy/Kitty/Unnamed Barada Woman (mother of Saltbush George Budby, Rosie Barber, Eddie Budby and Albert Brown)
2. Ada/Ina Cotherstone, Daisy Wilson and Alick Smith Snr (and his wife Topsy Barron/Barren)
3. Polly (wife of Robert Noble) and Laura (wife of Duke/George Barker, Neddy/Teddy Sauney and Adam Bowen)
4. Lizzie (wife of Paddy Flynn)
5. Polly (late in life wife of Thomas Mitchell)
6. Arthur Miles
7. Kitty (aka Kitty Eaglehawk)
8. Yatton Boney
9. Maggie (mother of Jack Mack and Gypsy Tyson)
Appeared in the Koori Mail of June 5, 2019

Thursday, 30 May 2019

The Moyjil site, south-west Victoria, Australia - 120,000 Years ?

The scientific papers are available here
in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 130(2).

These papers are on Open Access and can be downloaded.

The abstract of the introduction by John E Sherwood follows

"Moyjil (also known as Point Ritchie) is the site of an unusual shell deposit in south-west Victoria showing many characteristics of a midden. Earlier research established an age of 60 ka or older for the shell deposit but could not establish whether humans or animals such as seabirds were responsible for its formation. This paper, the first of six in this special issue, summarises the most recent phase (~10 years) of investigations. The site’s age is now fixed as Last Interglacial and following the stage MIS 5e sea-level maximum (i.e. younger than 120–125 ka). Fragmentation and the limited size distribution of the dominant marine shellfish (Lunella undulata syn. Turbo undulatus) confirm the site as a midden. There is also evidence for fire (charcoal and discoloured and fractured stones) and two hearth-like features, one of which has been archaeologically excavated. None of the evidence collected is able to conclusively demonstrate a human versus animal origin for the site. Significantly, a human origin remains to be disproved. These papers provide the basis for a new phase of research into the possible cultural status of the Moyjil site."

I heard Bruce Pascoe of Dark Emu fame referring to this date as fact on the ABC program "The Drum" yesterday.

It is also worth bearing in mind the time an estimate like this was made in 1996 in the paper
 Fullagar, R., Price, D. & Head, L. 1996. Early human occupation of northern Australia: stratigraphy and dating of the Jinmium rockshelter, Northern Territory. Antiquity 70: 751-73.
 which made headlines throughout the country. It is available here.

Sunday, 26 May 2019

Some Odds and Ends

In sorting out the contents of some boxes in a cupboard I came across the following items I obtained years ago.

(1) Junga Yimi Issue No. 2 1995
Produced by the Bilingual Resources Development Unit at the Yuendumu Education Centre.
Amongst other things it contains photos of school classes and names of pupils for the following

Pre-school, Transition, Year, Year 2, Year 3/4, Year 4/5, Year 5/6, Post Primary Boys, Year 7 Girls, Year 8 Girls, Year 9 Girls

(2) Four pamphlets produced by the Aboriginal History Foundation of Victoria

Lake Condah Mission (1984) - Lists births, deaths and marriages after the Mission had closed
Framlingham Mission (1989) - Lists some families and people of Framlingham
Cummeragunga (1984) - Cummeragunga 1920 Aunty Cissie remembers these people
Lake Tyers (1987) - Family surnames that resided at Lake Tyers from 1878 - 1924

(3) Central Australian Religion by T G H Strehlow

Contains a partial genealogical chart from the Ellery Creek area of the Northern Territory.
The base date is for Sarah born 2. 4.1892.

Monday, 11 March 2019

The Gangalidda People Pendine Claim [2019] FCA 302

The Gangalidda People Pendine Claim [2019] FCA 302 is available here .

The claim is in the Doomadgee area.

The Native Title Holders are the Gangalidda People. The Gangalidda People are all of the descendants of one or more of the following people:

Greg Thompson
Sophie Thompson
Ernest Thompson
Walter Thompson
Dawudawu Jimmy (King)
George Nark Mirrabaliyajari
Bob Scoles Gunyarbadijarri
Bob Weber Milgalajarri
Maggie (or Minnie)
Kitty Wulnanda
Kitty Lirrgagujarri
Old Nim
Stumpy Paddy
Mickey Charles
Barny Guldangara
Johnny Balawayinda
Daisy Lirrgawanjinda
Myrna Malalairunanda
Garruwala and
Charly (Gundirrirri/Ngarrguyumbu/Gulawi),

who identify, and are identified by other Gangalidda People, as belonging to the Gangalidda People according to Gangalidda traditional laws and customs.

Tuesday, 26 February 2019

When did Homo sapiens first reach Southeast Asia and Sahul?

An interesting article When did Homo sapiens first reach Southeast Asia and Sahul? by James O'Connell et al appeared the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) of May 2018. The Abstact follows -

Anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens, AMH) began spreading across Eurasia from Africa and adjacent Southwest Asia about 50,000–55,000 years ago (ca. 50–55 ka). Some have argued that human genetic, fossil, and archaeological data indicate one or more prior dispersals, possibly as early as 120 ka. A recently reported age estimate of 65 ka for Madjedbebe, an archaeological site in northern Sahul (Pleistocene Australia–New Guinea), if correct, offers what might be the strongest support yet presented for a pre–55-ka African AMH exodus. We review evidence for AMH arrival on an arc spanning South China through Sahul and then evaluate data from Madjedbebe.We find that an age estimate of >50 ka for this site is unlikely to be valid. While AMH may have moved far beyond Africa well before 50–55 ka, data from the region of interest offered in support of this idea are not compelling.

The full article appears here.

65000 Years of Isolation in Aboriginal Australia or Continuity and External Contacts

An interesting article titled 65000 Years of Isolation in Aboriginal Australia or Continuity and External Contacts by Michael J. Rowland appeared in the Journal of the Anthropological Society of South Australia of· December 2018. The Abstract follows -

Recent dating of archaeological sites across northern Australia suggest that
Aboriginal Australians may have arrived on the continent by 65,000 years ago or
earlier though other general reviews propose a more conservative arrival date of
around 50,000 years. Regardless of when they actually arrived, the people of the
late Pleistocene landmass of Sahul (mainland Australia, Tasmania and New
Guinea), which were only separated by rising sea levels approximately 8000
years ago, likely shared some aspects of a common history over a period of
perhaps as much as 50,000 years. It would seem unlikely that this shared
community of culture and ideas would have ended abruptly with the rise in sea
level. Early commentators, operating within social evolutionism and diffusionism
frameworks, argued that much of Aboriginal culture was developed through
external contact since Aboriginal culture was too ‘primitive’ to have developed
higher level cultural traits. Subsequent reaction to this negative view has tended
to limit further enquiry. More recently, it has been recognised that
transformations occurred in Aboriginal societies across Australia particularly in
the mid to late Holocene which have been attributed to population growth and
internal social change (‘intensification’), environmental change and/or external
contacts. This paper reviews evidence for external culture contact with an
emphasis on the Queensland coast via the Torres Strait and Cape York. It is
apparent that contact did occur though the timing and extent of impacts on the
development of Aboriginal culture has yet to be fully understood. It is important
to periodically review what innovations might have reached Australia from
external sources (and vice versa) as new evidence and theories develop. This will
enhance an understanding of how Aboriginal peoples coped with and adapted to
the substantive transformative processes of the contact and post-contact eras
which is the theme of this volume.

The full article is available here.

Sunday, 24 February 2019

Muluridji People #3 Native Title Claim

National Native Title Tribunal File QC2018/006 available here entered on the Register 15/02/2019.

The claim area is west of and adjoins the Hann Tableland National Park in Far North Queensland.

The attachments are as follows :-
Register extract available here
Attachment B - Map showing External Boundary Description here
Attachment C - Map of the Application Area here

The Muluridji People are descended by birth or adoption from the following ancestors:

Billy and Kitty (parents of Jimmy Riley);
Mick Fraser/Brazier and his wife Kitty (parents of Rosie Frazier);
George Baker (father of Nellie, Lucy, Willie and Lulu Baker);
Mick Sheppard (father of Johnny, Violet, May, Willie, Stanley, Ronnie and Millie Sheppard);
Annie Green (mother of Jack and Arthur Madigan and Tom King);
Dolly Hughes (mother of Jessie and Thelma Hughes).

Thursday, 14 February 2019

Reveille - August 31, 1931 - AIF Aborigines : How Many?

I was going through some Reveille magazines that were inherited when my grandmother died years ago. The article titled A.I.F Aborigines : How Many appeared in the issue of August 31, 1931. A link to a copy of the article is here.

A second article titled Lever on Britain : Prisioners Suffer appeared in the December 31, 1931 issue of Reveille and refers to Douglas Grant. The article is available here.

Mardigan People Native Title Authorisation Meeting

The claim area is roughly centred around Quilpie, Queensland.

The Mardigan People who are members of the native title claim group for the Application are currently described as the biological descendants of the following people:

Charlie Zouch;
Mother of Fred Collins, Jesse Dixon, Jack Dixon, Nancy Colin and Tom Napoleon
Charlotte Wandilla
Mary Darrie
Henry Clive (also known as Harry Clive)
Mary Rebel
Judie and Tinker Wells
Paddy Murphy
Tommy Conbar
Henry ‘Goodyenee’ Tilbooroo
Nellie Ardock

The purpose of Authorisation Meeting #1 is to:
(1) Consider anthropological materials and legal advice relating to an individual described as ‘Jenny, mother of James Pegler’ and her descendants;
(2) Subject to (1) above, authorise the amendment of the claim group description for the Application to include the descendants of Jenny, mother of James Pegler.
Appeared in the Koori Mail dated February13, 2019


Nancy Pegler H/C was residing in Cunnamulla with her husband James Pegler H/C, Station worker, and two children in 1941.

Nita Pegler died at Tinapagie Stn, N.S.W. on 27. 7.1935 

Ward, Mayneside - Letter (21.12.1911) to Mr J Payne, MLA regarding working conditions, agreements and wages of Aboriginals which he notes 'is little better than slavery'.
Attached to this letter are two lists, one being a List of Halfcastes. Among the Names mentioned is Jimmy Pegler (of Thargomindah).

Wednesday, 13 February 2019

NNTT Kabi Kabi First Nation Traditional Owners Native Title Claim Group

National Native Title Tribunal File QC2018/007available here entered on the Register 08/02/2019.

The attachments are as follows :-
Register extract available here
Attachment B - Map showing External Boundary Description here
Attachment C - Map of the Application Area here

The claim area is roughly bounded by Childers, Kilkivan, Nanango, Caboolture, Noosa Heads and Maryborough.

The Kabi Kabi First Nation Traditional Owners are those people:

(a) Who are descendants of the following apical ancestors:
1 . Maggie Cadenti/Cadente/Cantidi: “Maggie”
2.  George Parson
3.  Albert Williams
4.  Ngimburum
5.  Kaloma-kuta/Galmaguda/Haloma-kuta/Kal-ma-kuta
6.  Mother of Albert Smith and Peter Graham
7.  Willie Kina
8.  Susan Andy
9.  Jacky Ball (or Baul)
10. Maggie Cain/Caine
11. James Crow/Crowe
12. Maggie Palmer
13. Emma Dunne
14. William/Billy Glenbar
15. Annie Laurie
16. May Burnett
17. Tuppernywoe/”King” Tommy of Noosa
18. Dundalli
19. Cob
20. Sarah Di:naba Moreton
21. Marian/Mary Ann Thompson
22. Dil:l
23. Edward Ross
24. Menvil Wanmuarn/Jackie Delaney

(b) Who identify as and are recognised as members of the Kabi Kabi First Nation Traditional Owners in accordance with the system of traditional laws and customs.

Wednesday, 6 February 2019

More Books with Genealogical Information

The following books contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Of Marriage, Violence and Sorcery by David McKnight published 2005
Contains numerous sections of genealogical charts of people from Mornington Island  and descriptions of events and the people involved. Some pseudonyms are used but most names are the correct ones. I have checked this with other records.

The Affinal Relationship System by Aslaug and Johannes Falkenberg published 1981
Contains eight pages of Aborigines From Port Keats mentioned in the text as follows
Personal Name, Own Tribe, Own Local Clan, Mother's Tribe, Mother's Local Clan (Kangatji), Page in the Text.

Lives of the Papunya Tula Artists by Vivien Johnson published 2008
Contains detailed genealogical information of the artists and their families.

The Wind of Change in Central Australia by Frederick G G Rose published 1965
Contains detailed genealogical information for Aborigines at Angas Downs Station N.T. in 1962

Classification of Kin, Age Structure and Marriage amongst the Groote Eylandt Aborigines
by Frederick G G Rose published 1960
Contains detailed genealogical information for Aborigines at Groote Eylandt

Friday, 1 February 2019

VICNET May 2012


This was the VICNET Home page in May 2012 just before the change over.

I vaguely remember 45053 refers to the number of times the site was accessed and not the number of times pages were accessed.

Just placed here for historical reasons.

Thursday, 31 January 2019

Wakka Wakka #3 and #4 Native Title Meeting

 The Claim area roughly includes Mundubbera, Gayndah, Murgon, Goomeri, Cherbourg, Kingaroy, Nanango and Yarraman.

Apical ancestors are listed as

Jenny and David Carlo (parents of Princess Carlo)
Minnie Bly (mother of Thomas Simpson), Ethel and Bill Button
Maggie Hart (mother of Crabbie Chapman and Henry Hart)
Mother of Willie Boy Pickering
King Billy and Maria of Boondooma (parents of Tommy Dodd of Taabinga)
Maggie West
Kitty of Boonara
Kitty (mother of Jack Bulong)
John Bond
Kitty (mother of Jenny Lind), Jenny Lind and Mick Buck
Boubijan Cobbo
Stockman Bligh and Aggie Bligh
Tommy (aka Boondoon) and Maggie (parents of Willie Bone), Billy McKenzie (father of Chlorine McKenzie), Chlorine McKenzie
Kate/Katie/Kitty Law
Emily of Degilbo, mother of Annie.

The purpose of the Authorisation Meeting is to:

1. CONSIDER anthropological materials and legal advice relating to ‘Taabinga Harry’
and ‘Nellie, mother of Elsie Fitzgerald’, and each of their descendants;

2. Subject to #1 above, AUTHORISE the amendment of the claim group description for the Native Title Claims to include the descendants of Taabinga Harry and/or Nellie, mother of Elsie Fitzgerald;

3. Subject to #2 above, AUTHORISE persons to continue to be the Applicant, or to replace the existing Applicant, for the Native Title Claims, and to make the applications and deal with matters arising in relation to the Native Title Claims; and

4. CONFIRM the decisions made at Meeting #3 held on 1 December 2018 at Gayndah, including authorising the Applicant to agree to settlement of Wakka Wakka People #3 and Part A of
Wakka Wakka People #4 on the terms of proposed consent determination orders.

Appeared in the Koori Mail of January 30, 2019

Wednesday, 16 January 2019

NNTT Djungan People #5 Native Title Claim

National Native Title Tribunal File QC2018/005 available here entered on the Register 9/11/2018.

The attachments are as follows :-
Register extract available here
Attachment B - Map showing Boundaries of the Area Covered by the Application here
Attachment C - Map of the Claim Area here

The claim area is roughly west of the Hann Tableland National Park.

The Djungan People native title claim group is comprised of the descendants (including through adoption or raising up in accordance with traditional laws and customs) of the following apical ancestors:

Tommy and Topsy Wason
John Wason
Dinah [Richards]
Jessie Wason
Jack O'Neil and his spouse, Flora Richards
Peter Ray Burns
Jimmy Kingsburra and Lizzie Kingsburra (including the descendants of Joe Sands)
Charles James Archer (Senior)
Lucy [Burns]
Pluto [Brumby]
Mollie and her spouse, Bert Gordon
Mick Richards

Some notes

Peter, of Yarrabah, Bachelor, born Cooktown, aged 18 years, parents Fred and Topsy and Jessie Wason, of Yarrabah, Spinster, born Mareeba, aged 16 years, parents Fred Wason and Dinah married 28. 4.1910 at St Alban's Church, Yarrabah by G W Morrison, C of E             
Children (some?) recorded at Yarrabah
Catharine Mona, parents Peter Underwood F/B and Jessie Wason H/C, born 30.12.1910
Eric Peter, parents Peter Underwood F/B and Jessie Wason (Black mixed (Chinese and Aborigine)) , born 8. 4.1913
Vincent Noland, parents Peter Underwood F/B and Jessie Wason H/C, born 3. 2.1915
Agnes Lorna, parents Peter and Jessie Wason , born 16. 8.1916
Ralph Emmanuel Peter, parents Peter Underwood F/B and Jessie Wason H/C, born 20. 4.1919
Maxwell Horace Alton, parents Peter Underwood and Jessie Wason, born 3. 3.1924

John Wason H/C of Yungaburra, born Kingsborough near Thornborough c1895 married
Lucy Cunningham H/C of Yungaburra, born Mulgrave River married 18.10.1916
Registered 2009/N/5074

Peter Ray H/C (Peter Burns), born about 1907, baptised 27. 3.1921 Yarrabah
Peter Burns aged 52 yrs, Clara Burns aged 44 yrs, Christina Margaret Burns aged 13 yrs and
Janet Elizabeth Burns aged 10 years Exempt 1956
Clara Ray, born c 1912 probably Cloncurry district, father Lee Fong

Lucy Burns appears on Tindale genealogical sheet Yarrabah 26. Also on this Sheet are
Jack Baker, Nellie Baker, Dorothy Lilian Bradley, Grace Bradley, Ailsa Camelia Burns,
Christella Burns, Christobel S Burns, Christopher D Burns, Daniel Peter Burns, Dorothy Burns, Dorothy Lilian Burns, Lucy Burns, Daniel Peter, Steve Yetman

Mick Richards, born c1895 Elizabeth Creek near Mungana, parents Bill and Maggie,
married to Eileen

Mollie Gordon appears on Tindale genealogical sheets Yarrabah 54 and 85

Saturday, 12 January 2019

Victorian Historical BDM Indexes

A Victorian Birth, Death and Marriage Index is available here at

The description states "Complete Victorian Birth Death & Marriages index compiled in a Microsoft Access Database. Births 1836 to 1920. Deaths 1836 to 1985. Marriages1836 to 1942. Requires Microsoft Access to use."

A ZIP file can be downloaded containing the database file.

Similar information can be downloaded here as three files in CSV format.

Monday, 7 January 2019

Digital files removed by National Archives of Australia Melbourne office

I have discovered that a number of files on the NAA web site that previously had digital images have had them withdrawn by the National Archives of Australia Melbourne office.

The Item Details description states "Visibility and availability indicators - Digital image withheld"

The files I have noticed are from Series B357 and numbered
191 - Aboriginal Welfare Board field notes Western district genealogies
192 - Aboriginal Welfare Board field notes - Murray Valley, survey of Aborigines, June 1961, families
193 - Aboriginal Welfare Board field notes -Wimmera and Gippsland, genealogies
198 - Aboriginal Welfare Board field notes - genealogy

Digital files were previously available. No reason is given for the removal.

Indexes to Series B357 Items 192, 193 and 198 are available here.

I think it would be wise to download any digital files immediately if you need them as there is no guarantee they will be permanently available. I do.

Friday, 4 January 2019

State Library of Queensland - Islands Exhibition

I visited the State Library of Queensland  Islands Exhibition today.

One of the exhibits was part of a handwritten register with one of the displayed pages titled "Coloured Patients". This contained statistical information for 1939 - 1969 under headings as follows :-

In Isolation at Fantome
Admitted into Isolation
Died in Isolation
Discharged During Year
Still Living after Discharge
Total Living in Isolation and after Discharge

On part of the page some names were listed as follows :-

Alice Cooktown
Arthur Miles
Joe Lee
Charlie Sugarbag
Mary Ann Brown
Gilbert Martin
Maggie Fourmile
Ethel Bowen
Lawrence and Bessie Bond
Alf Tyson
Joyce Daisy
Nancy Williams
Willie Courtney
Ellison Obah
Eva Jack..
Daphne Anderson

The reference in the exhibit brochure is as follows :

White Cases - Leprosy as at 31.12.1969
Dr Morgan Gabriel
John Oxley Library SLQ
Accession 29410 Dr Morgan
Gabriel Notebook 1951-1970